Consumerism is economically manifested in the chronic purchasing of new goods and services, with little attention to their true need, durability, product origin or the environmental consequences of manufacture and disposal. Consumerism is driven by huge sums spent on advertising designed to create both a desire to follow trends, and the resultant personal self-reward system based on acquisition. Materialism is one of the end results of consumerism.
Free Press Critical for Free, Democratic Society An essay from the prestigious journal, Columbia Journalism Reviewnotes the crucial role of free media and the need for public education in society to maintain democracy: But the founders knew that a free press would be worth little if the people could not read it, so public education became one of the great obsessions of the leaders of the early republic.
Instead, he wrote, education was vital to the maintenance of a free society. This concern with education was widespread in the founding generation, and Thomas Jefferson famously listed the establishment of the University of Virginia as one of the three great accomplishments of his life he omitted his presidency from the list.
But with business groups looking to schools essentially to educate workers for a complex industrial society an inherent conflict was brewing.
This redefinition of citizenship has been part of a larger push toward privatizing much that used to be public — and, in particular, governmental — in American society. It is a measure of their success that faith in democratic government has largely been replaced by faith in the market. It was the senior President Bush who urged upon the nation a less expansive model of civic engagement… Implicit in this was the notion … isolated individuals should try to do good — in isolation.
Earlier generations had expressed different ideals. In his inaugural address inas the threat of world war drew ever closer to the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt said that American democracy was strong because it is built on the unhampered initiative of individual men and women joined together in a common enterprise.
Sixty years later, after the September 11 attacks had shaken the nation, President George W. Bush urged Americans to pull together by going out and spending money, or taking a trip to Disney World.
Consumerism had become the common cause. The mainstream media too have seen similar transformations. Pressures to make profit require more and more avoidance of controversial and sensitive issues that could criticize aspects of corporate America or reduce the buying moods of readers.
In doing so, much of the agendas are driven by government and business interests, with less criticism. Over time, as people unwittingly get accustomed to a lower quality media, propaganda becomes easier to disseminate.
The proper procedure is to drill them home by constantly presupposing them, so that they become the very condition for discourse. The US is no exception to this. As the following quote summarizes, the role of the media from the view of politics is often less discussed: George Seldes, a reporter for over seventy years, points out that there are three sacred cows still with us today: The media refuses to discuss its consistent failure to inform the masses of this ongoing control.
It has been in place for so long that few are aware of how it came about or that it is even still there.
But many people are intelligent, moral, and idealistic; if the media would discuss the true history of these three sacred cows, that control would quickly disappear. There are many ways in which the media is used to obtain such support and conformity.
This is a large topic so this section will be updated from time to time. It is normally thought — and expected — that US press freedom would rank top in the world. Yet, for many years, it has been a lot lower than the high expectation.
Forthe US ranked just 47th. For a while, under the Obama Administration it was looking better, but recent events such as the various Occupy protest movements and how journalists have been treated has resulted in the recent drops in the rankings. Back to top Uninformed population means harmful policies can go unaccountable Many US policies, especially foreign policies, have come under much sharp criticism from around the world as well as from various segments within American society.
As a result, some fear that they are running the risk of alienating themselves from the rest of the world. A revealing quote hints that media portrayal of issues can affect the constructive criticism of American foreign policy: Jonathan Power, America is in Danger of Alienating the WorldMarch 3, The quote above also summarizes how America is viewed in the international community and how some of their actions are portrayed in the United States.
International news coverage from US media is very poor. In a strict sense, the American media did not in cover the world, says the Pew report.
Beyond Iraq, only two countries received notable coverage last year — Iran and Pakistan. This non-coverage of global issues is worrying because so many American citizens end up getting a narrow view of many important world issues. In such a situation, it is easier for propagandists to say things that are harder to question and seem real.
The majority of US citizens still get their news from television, where limited headlines and sound-bites reduce the breadth, depth and context available. And while the Internet has surpassed traditional newspapers as a prime source of newsthe diversity of news is still small; a lot of content for Internet sites come from a few traditional sourcesusually those working in struggling newspaper companies and media outlets.
It looked at views in a number of countries, including some in western Europe, and some in Muslim countries, and found in all of them a growing mistrust of the United Statesparticularly President George Bush.Media bias is the bias or perceived bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media in the selection of events and stories that are reported and how they are covered.
The term "media bias" implies a pervasive or widespread bias contravening the standards of journalism, rather than the perspective of an individual journalist or nationwidesecretarial.com direction and degree of media bias .
Interest in consumerism first arose in the United States in the s, with Ralph Nader responsible for raising the issue in the public consciousness. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
How this page is laid out: How consumerism affects society, the economy and the Environment.
Economic costs of consumerism. Environmental costs of consumerism. consumerism affects society, the economy and the Environment. Consumerism is economically manifested in the chronic purchasing of new goods and services, with little attention to their true need, durability, product origin or the environmental consequences of manufacture and disposal.
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Greed posing as philanthropy Tony Gosling John D Rockefeller began as a humble oil business book-keeper in Cleveland, Ohio and in just seven years rose to control a tenth of the entire US oil business.