The researchers applied their theory in sports medicine to show how a placebo analgesic affected the pain endurance after an injury. Persons informed about placebo as inactive experience no pain relief even if they had demonstrated decreased pain on previous trials when they had no knowledge about the placebo deception. They hypothesized that if they linked application of the gel with the expectation of reducing pain, they would require a higher level of pain stimuli to elicit a certain pain response in placebos than that in controls.
Image by James Yang http: Todays post offers an alternative perspective; that of the journal article peer reviewer. Doing peer reviews provides important experience for those writing their own papers and may help writers consider what they should include based on what peer reviewers are looking for.
At some point in your scholarly career, you likely will get asked to review an article for a journal. In this post, I explain how I usually go about doing a peer review.
I imagine that each scholar has their own way of doing this, but it might be helpful to talk openly about this task, which we generally complete in isolation. Accept the invitation to peer review. The first step in reviewing a journal article is to accept the invitation.
When deciding whether or not to accept, take into consideration three things: Once you accept the invitation, set aside some time in your schedule to read the article and write the review. I usually read the article with a pen in hand so that I can write my thoughts in the margins as I read.
As I read, I underline parts of the article that seem important, write down any questions I have, and correct any mistakes I notice. Write a brief summary of the article and its contribution.
When I am doing a peer review, I sometimes do it all in one sitting — which will take me about two hours — or I read it one day and write it the next. Often, I prefer to do the latter to give myself some time to think about the article and to process my thoughts. When writing a draft of the review, the first thing I do is summarize the article as best I can in three to four sentences.
If I think favorably of the article and believe it should be published, I often will write a longer summary, and highlight the strengths of the article.
Your critique and accolades may help convince the editor of the importance of the article. As you write up this summary, take into consideration the suitability of the article for the journal.
If you are reviewing for the top journal in your field, for example, an article simply being factually correct and having a sound analysis is not enough for it to be published in that journal. Instead, it would need to change the way we think about some aspect of your field.
Write out your major criticisms of the article. When doing a peer review, I usually begin with the larger issues and end with minutiae.
Here are some major areas of criticism to consider: Why or why not? Write out any minor criticisms of the article.
Go over your review and make sure that it makes sense and that you are communicating your critiques and suggestions in as helpful a way as possible. Finally, I will say that, when writing a review, be mindful that you are critiquing the article in question — not the author.
Thus, make sure your critiques are constructive. For example, it is not appropriate to write: So, in addition to being nice, it is in your best interest.Summary Articles and Example. The goal of this exercise Writing a Summary The goal of this exercise is to be able to write a summary of the following article using around words.
Of all the games held throughout Greece, those staged at Olympia in honor of Zeus are the most famous. How to Write a Research Paper on Microeconomics Article Summary.
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