Migration Worldwide President John F. Kennedy, A Nation of Immigrants There is, of course, a legitimate argument for some limitation upon immigration. We no longer need settlers for virgin lands, and our economy is expanding more slowly than in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.
Ideals and Myths Ideas about culture have played an important part in United States history from the earliest days of European settlement. The actions which first brought the United States into being embodied assumptions about the nature of citizenship, of cultural rights, and of cultural life itself.
Early American settlers were motivated by visions of a utopia in the New World free from the constraints of the Old. This heritage of hope and idealism still Us military cultural awareness in our national mythology today.
But from the first, American utopianism was flawed by its treatment of the cultures indigenous to the New World. Our government's cultural policy has been complex, but one theme has been unfortunately persistent: Our official mythology glosses the mistakes of the past, implying that a lot of eggs have to be broken to make the world's biggest omelette.
But failing to acknowledge our errors, failing to be self-critical, makes us apologists for the present order rather than agents of positive change. Knowing where we come from is the first step to taking a new direction.
The American Indian Genocide The decimation of indigenous American Indian cultures, beginning five centuries ago, is still being whitewashed by textbooks and movies. There were many friendly and close relationships between early settlers and native peoples, but these were not the main current in our relations.
Many aggressive attempts were made to reshape the Indian peoples according to European cultural models, whether under threat of death or, later, through exile to government boarding schools. Despite this historical backdrop, there has been only the most begrudging admission of any public responsibility for the damage done to native American cultures.
Little public support has gone to efforts to preserve, retrieve and build upon native cultural traditions. Where affirmative steps are called for, none has been taken.
Chief among the U. The official alternative to the reservation has been pressure to assimilate into the mainstream culture. Through much of the time that Native American peoples have endured this cultural combat, the idea of "the Indian" has been a powerful symbol within our national culture.
We usually see Indian people portrayed as brutal and warmongering, worthy of punishment at the hands of white settlers and the U. Nevertheless, Indian influences on contemporary United States culture are extensive.
In Hollywood films and western novels and "cowboy art," Indians have symbolized connectedness and sensitivity to nature and the loss of the wildernesshighly developed skills, and individual courage. The "new age" philosophies which emerged from the 's depend heavily on traditional Indian knowledge; within their frameworks, Native Americans symbolize balance, inner wisdom, ordeal and transcendent experience, and natural dignity.
Recently, Native American activists have done much to revitalize their cultural traditions. Assimilationism has lost some of the attraction it had in the past. But history cannot be undone. The New "American Culture" Until the first huge waves of immigration of the 19th Century, the fledgling nation's white population was largely northern European and Protestant.
Its leadership was imbued with the Enlightenment principles embodied in our Bill of Rights -- though applying these principles very selectively indeed, mainly to the community of white male property owners.
The values of the Enlightenment, as interpreted by the first American political philosophers, emphasized protection of individual liberties and preservation of private initiative against the potential tyranny of state power. Though such cultural issues as education, suffrage, and slavery were subjects of heated public debate, the government took a hands-off attitude that effectively favored those with power.
This emphasis upon individual liberties has been counterbalanced throughout United States history by a contrary tradition of communitarian practice and values. Barn-raisings, mutual aid at harvest time and in the face of floods or blizzards, mistrust of distant political leaders -- these too are part of the cultural heritage evoked by the phrase 'American culture.
In periods of red-baiting and witch-hunting, they sometimes sound a little too close to socialism for comfort. Historically, the white, male population held the political reins. Racist attitudes became rigidified in the 18th Century as the whole economy and social structure of the South came to depend upon slavery.
The issue of slavery was the subject of heated debate at each stage of the country's creation and continued as such into the Civil War. Slave masters urgently needed to create religious, moral, scientific and political justifications for slavery.
This mythology of racism survived and flourished after the Civil War, embellished with pseudo-biology, makeshift theology, and mumbo-jumbo psychology through the 19th and 20th centuries. When more diverse immigrant groups began to appear in increasing numbers, those who saw themselves as "true Americans" became alarmed.
Fear of foreign ideas and unfamiliar cultural practices led to aggressive limitations on immigration, barring "undesirable" national groups from immigrating, placing quotas on other groups. Racist attitudes once deployed primarily against American blacks and native people were adapted to apply to white ethnic, Asian and Latin American groups new to the United States.
Heating Up the Melting Pot Official policies discriminating against minorities were encouraged and exacerbated by vigilante actions intended to assert the rights of "real Americans.
From the late 19th Century, U. Gazing at the silhouette of the Statue of Liberty, two Russian immigrants -- he a Jewish composer, she a Christian settlement house worker -- articulate the vision of a new American culture:Apr 30, · skill set that includes awareness of one’s “self” in the context of culture, an open mind towards and appreciation of diversity, and the ability to apply “culture analytical models” to any region.
Regional competence refers to the culture-specific aspects of any given culture as determined by mission objectives. Celebrate U.S. military history though numismatic art, and own a timeless piece of our Nation’s history. Description: This interactive online training course provides an overview of military culture to include organizational structure, rank, branches of service, core values, and demographics as well as similarities and differences between the Active and Reserve components.
It is intended to assist civilian mental health providers in better understanding, communicating and effectively interacting. What we do. A quality of life agency, the Wyoming Department of State Parks and Cultural Resources provides the state's citizens and visitors a variety of opportunities to enjoy our arts, parks and history.
Through the Lens of Cultural Awareness: A Primer for US Armed Forces Deploying to Arab and Middle Eastern Countries [William D Wunderle, Combat Studies Institute Press, Timothy R.
Reese] on nationwidesecretarial.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. From the foreword. This work also represents a slight departure from the norm for historical studies from CSI. from US cultural norms), the more important it is for the US military to understand the adversary’s society and underlying cultural dynamics as a means of ensuring operational success.
1 Cultural awareness can reduce.